While the COVID-19 outbreak expands through the US. – canceling sporting gatherings, shutting colleges, driving up the stock price and crippling transportation, People are left with nothing but to take preventive measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned the public to be concerned about nausea, dry cough, and shortness of breath – signs that accompany contraction of the current coronavirus known as COVID-19. It requires about five to twelve days for symptoms that confirms infection. Here’s a step-by-step analysis of what happens as something takes place within the body.
As per the CDC, when an infected person coughs or sneezes, the virus may spread individual to individual within 6 feet via respiratory droplets. The virus can often linger on a surface or object, and then spread through contact, and reach the body via mouth, nose, or eyes. Dr. Martin S. Hirsch, the senior physician at the Massachusetts General Hospital’s Infectious Disease Programs, said there’s still a lot to know. However, experts believe that the virus could behave like SARS-CoV from 13 years earlier.
“It’s a contagious virus that reaches through the respiratory system, we assume through the nose mostly,” he added. “So it might get in through your eyes and mouth because that’s how many respiratory viruses function.” Once the infection arrives into the body, it begins attacking.
“After initial exposure to the virus, it can take two to 14 days for an individual to experience symptoms”, Hirsch said. The average time is about five days. When within the body, epithelial cells tend to invade in the lining of the lung. The virus continues to multiply within the host cell until it destroys the organism. It first happens in the upper respiratory tract, which includes the nose, throat, larynx, and bronchi.
The patient starts feeling a moderate variant of the symptoms: dry cough, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, body discomfort, and weakness, similar to flu. Dr. Pragya Dhaubhadel and Dr. Amit Munshi Sharma, Geisinger’s infectious disease experts, claim several patients have documented stomach problems such as nausea and vomiting, but it’s relatively uncommon.
When the virus begins working its way to the lower respiratory tract, the effects get severe.
Last month, the WHO estimated that 80% of patients with infection had a mild to severe illness. A case of “mild” COVID-19 entails a more severe fever and cough similar to regular flu but may not require hospitalization. Such milder instances are how the body’s immune system in the upper respiratory tract may absorb the infection, Hirsch notes. Younger patients show a more significant immune reaction relative to older patients. The 13.8% of extreme cases and 6.1% of moderate cases are attributed to the virus being trekking down the windpipe and reaching the lower respiratory tract where it tends to tend to spread.
According to Dr. Raphael Viscidi, an infectious disease expert at Johns Hopkins Pharmacy, if the virus begins to spread and migrate more in-depth into the windpipe and through the lung, it may cause further respiratory issues such as bronchitis and pneumonia.
Pneumonia is marked by breathlessness accompanied with a cough, involving tiny lung air sacs, or alveoli, Viscidi added. The alveoli are where they share oxygen and carbon dioxide. As pneumonia happens, the infection destroys the thin layer of alveolar cells. The body responds to the lung by sending immune cells to fend it off. “And that ensures the linings grow thicker than usual,” he said. “As they get heavier, they effectively choke off the tiny air pocket, which is what you need to bring the oxygen into your body.”
Oxygen limitation to the lungs deprives other large oxygen organs, including the heart, kidney, and cortex.
For a limited percentage of severe instances, this can grow into an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), causing a patient to be put on a ventilator for oxygen supply.
Viscidi emphasizes that certain people diagnosed with coronavirus are rare in the result. Many most at risk with serious changes are over 70 years old and have weak immune reactions. Those at risk are those with lung disorders, severe disease, or weakened immune systems, such as those with cancer who have been diagnosed with chemotherapy.
Viscidi advises the public to talk like flu of the coronavirus, as it is moving through the same cycle inside the body. Most people get the flu, then heal without any problems.
“People will know how safe they look,” he added. “And should not be feeling too dangerous as they fear.”
These are the details related to the pandemic disease that is globally affecting people. On our platform www.triumphdailymd.com, you may find information about the COVID-19 along with the measures to take at home for safety. Be home, be safe; that is how we can fight the deadly virus.